House Museum

On July 3, 2016 the Municipality Administration inaugurated the project "Case Museo Contadine" (Museum Country Houses), declaring Aliminusa "Paese della cultura contadina" (Country of peasant culture).

The project starts with the identification of "typical" houses, designated as farmers houses, built in the period between the birth of the country, located around 600, and the 50s of the last century. These houses exist in the urban fabric and they are made available to the visitors; they have a triple function: house, shelter for animals and storing provisions.

The path "Case Museo Contadine" is part of an innovative project to promote the conservation and enhancement of heritage linked to the rural culture, the private individuals make available to the visitor unused houses that are "frozen in time". With the collaboration of the scientific committee, the municipal staff, volunteers, the tourist will revive houses, life, crafts and traditions of the past, through the stories of the elderly, near and inside the museum, in short, the house will be "alive" thanks to the presence of the typical animals in the vicinity and inside these houses.

The typical house, called "terrana", was generally divided by a central wall that differentiated the functions of the two parts of the building, in a part there was placed an oven, a wood kitchen, with two "quadare" (very large copper pots) and at the bottom was placed the barn. In the other half of the house, there was a room and back two alcoves, separated from the hall by two tents, there was a queen-size bed and the bed for the children. Finally, but not in every home, there was the floor "solarello" vertically connected by a ladder, these were divided into compartments with walls to separate agricultural products (generally cereals). The multi-storey houses, "sollevate", were reserved for  the richest among the poor. This type of house  is different from "terrana" because the bedroom was on the first floor. The furniture was poor and basic, all based on maximum cost-effectiveness and practicality. The beds were constituted by two iron trestles, on which were placed the wood boards and above which was placed  the wool mattress or more frequently a pallet. Rarely, and in exceptional cases, the houses were equipped with cabinets, more frequently and in a corner was built a "stipu", a triangular furniture that was placed in a corner enclosed by two walls in the rear, while the front part was made of wood, a wooden table and a few chairs, often not enough for the whole family, a chest with a dual function: container for clothes and objects, and place in which people could sit, the "cunculina", a copper brazier supported by a wooden perch, hexagonal, around which the family gathered in winter. Special attention deserves to "finistredda”, made with a built arch on the supporting wall to expose objects such as ceramic plates and photos.

The authenticity of this rural world and the respect for its survival are in the heart of Aliminusa communities and constitute the essence primitive from which the poet Battaglia starts to achieve the deeper meaning of his work.


The poet Battaglia with the old men of Aliminusa.